Adenovirus (canine) Adenovirus is a virus that causes hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) and
pneumonia. It is often severe to fatal and treatment is difficult. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks,
16 weeks, and then yearly.
Calici Virus (feline) Calici virus attacks the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva (tissue
surrounding the eye). Calici virus can cause pneumonia and eye damage. Vaccinate at 8 weeks,
12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Chlamydia (feline) Chlamydia is a bacteria that can cause severe upper respiratory problems,
pneumonia, and eye damage. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks,and then yearly.
Corona Virus (canine) Corona is a virus that attacks the cells lining the intestine of puppies. It
doesnot affect dogs older than 2 years of age, but may be carried by them. Vaccinate at 6 weeks,
8 weeks, 12 weeks, and 16 weeks.
Distemper Virus (canine) Distemper is a virus that affects many organs in the young animal
and causes seizures in old animals that were previously infected. The seizures are very difficult
to control and may kill the animal. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Feline Leukemia Virus (feline) FeLV is a virus that causes a cancer of the white blood cells
known as lymphocytes. It was estimated that over 75% of lymphocytic leukemias in cats were
caused by FeLV. FeLV is transmitted through salivary secretions. Cats that share food and water
bowls are at an increased risk. One study has demonstrated transmission via hissing and spitting
through a window screen. Vaccination is recommended for cats living with an infected cat or
that may be exposed by roaming.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (feline) FIP is caused by a mutated corona virus. The
non-mutated virus transmits from cat to cat readily but does not cause disease. The mutated virus
causes disease but cannot transmit between cats. The vaccine prevents infection with the
un-mutated virus. The vaccine is squirted into the nose at 16 and 20 weeks and then annually.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (feline) FIV is like HIV in cats. It CANNOT transmit to
humans. In cats it causes a fatal immune system failure much like AIDS in humans. The virus is
transmitted by bite, so intact toms have the highest rate of infection. Cats that get into fights with
infected animals may then become infected. Kittens can acquire the virus from their mother at
birth or shortly thereafter. Three vaccinations at 8, 12, and 16 weeks and annually thereafter are
recommended for cats with a high exposure risk.
Giarrdia (canine) Giarrdia lambia is a protozoan intestinal parasite that causes a very smelly
watery diarrhea. It is acquired by drinking infected water. Vaccination is recommended for dogs
having poor immune systems, if exposure is likely.
Kennel Cough Complex (canine) Kennel cough/canine cough/infectious bronchitis is
caused by several agents (bacteria and viruses) working in concert to produce a severe cough
with fever and lethargy. In young puppies and animals with poor immune systems, the disease
can progress to fatal pneumonia. The main causes of kennel cough are Bordetella bronchiseptica
and parainfluenza virus. There are 2 types of vaccine available: the intranasal vaccine is squirted
into thenose, and the injectible is injected under the skin between the shoulder blades. Akron
Animal Clinic recommends the injectible at 12 weeks and the intranasal at 16 weeks and the
every 6-12 months depending on exposure.
Leptospirosis (canine) Lepto is a bacterium that causes damage to several organs and can
transfer to humans. Organs commonly affected include kidneys, liver, and spleen. Lepto can be
fatal in both humans and animals. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Lyme Disease (canine) Lyme disease is caused by the spirochete Borriella burgdorferi. This
bacteria is carried by rodents (rats, mice, voles, squirrels) and rodent-like mammals (rabbits and
hares), then is transmitted to dogs, deer, and humans by ticks that acquired the bacteria during
an early stage of life. The vaccine must be given every year to be protective. Vaccination is
highly recommended for dogs that commonly travel in areas with tall grass and weeds such as
hunting dogs and dogs that roam. Vaccines are at 12 and 16 weeks then annually.
Panleukopenia Virus (feline) Panleukopenia is the feline parvo virus. In cats, it causes a fatal
reduction of white blood cells by attacking the bone marrow. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16
weeks, and then yearly.
Parainfluenza Virus (canine) Parainfluenza is a virus that contributes to the kennel
cough/canine cough complex. By itself it can cause a severe viral pneumonia. Vaccinate at 8
weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Parvo Virus (canine) Parvo is a virus that kills rapidly growing cells. The cells that line the
intestine and make new blood cells in the bone marrow are the most rapidly growing cells in the
body. Parvo virus attacks these cells producing high fever, diarrhea to bloody diarrhea, vomiting,
and quite often death. Parvo affects young animals mostly, but can infect older animals.
Vaccinate at 6 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Rabies (canine) Rabies is a virus that attacks the brain and nerves of mammals. Rabies can be
transmitted to humans through saliva contamination of bites, cuts, sores, and mucus membranes
(eyes, nose, mouth, etc.). Rabies is nearly always fatal in humans. By law, rabies vaccination is
required at 3-4 months of age and should be boosted at 1 year then and then yearly or every
three years as determined by vaccine used.
Rhinotracheitis Virus (feline) Rhinotracheitis is a virus that affects the nose, eyes, and upper
respiratory system. In kittens and cats that have poor immune systems the virus can cause fatal
pneumonia. Vaccinate at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks, and then yearly.
Ringworm Vaccinates for 1 of 4 of the organisms that can cause ringworm. Occasionally used
when an animal is not responding to normal treatment for ringworm. Ringworm vaccination is
rarely used otherwise
These virus definition guidelines are
presented as a courtesy and are not
intended to be any endorsement or
preventive treatment. You should contact
your own vet for treatment or to diagnosis
any illness of your pet....
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